Can You Carry a Passenger on an Electric Scooter?

Daniel Foley
Written By: Daniel Foley
Updated on: 6/7/2024
Published on: 10/18/2023

Electric scooters, with their compact and agile design, seem to be practically crafted for bustling city streets. Their petite form is a city-dweller’s dream, but it also poses a potential hiccup when considering bringing a plus one along for the ride. Even though they’re seen as a lone ranger’s ride, spotting pairs or a parent-child duo on a single scooter isn’t a rare sight, prompting onlookers to wonder, 'Is that safe?'

But wait, let’s pump the brakes on assumptions for a second. Believe it or not, there are electric scooters out there designed to carry two riders safely. However, a sprinkle of caution is warranted here, as a significant portion of e-scooters are engineered for a single rider, and trying to squeeze in an extra might just be flirting with disaster. So, the question lingering in the air is: can two individuals safely navigate on one electric scooter?

In this thorough guide, we'll dissect the concept of carrying a passenger on an electric scooter, examining it from three vital perspectives:

  • Technical aspects: We’ll dive into the nuts and bolts of e-scooter design and mechanics, exploring their ability to handle an extra person.
  • Talk safety: Double the fun, but double the risk?
  • Legal lanes: We’ll steer through the legal pathways of various countries regarding carrying a passenger on an e-scooter.

Moreover, for those enticed by the idea of sharing the e-scooter experience, we'll spotlight affordable alternatives specifically designed for two riders, ensuring a journey that’s safe, enjoyable, and comfortably uncramped.

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Technical aspects of electric scooters with added weight

When we ponder the practicality of hauling an extra person on our electric scooter, the question isn't merely, 'Will it move?' Rather, it involves peeling back the layers to understand how that added weight will interfere with the scooter’s performance, its robust structure, and its typically smooth handling. Let's delve a bit into the technical side:

Understanding weight limits

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Every e-scooter is designed with a specific maximum rider weight in mind. This isn’t just a random number; it’s a crucial figure that indicates just how much the scooter’s frame, electric motor, and other components can handle without compromising its integrity or performance.

Most e-scooter models can bear anything from 220 lbs to a whopping 330 lbs. Those beefy 330 lbs limits? You'll find them on the high-performance beasts. But suppose you're eyeing something like the UNAGI Model One, a classic commuter choice. In that case, you're looking at a 220 lbs cap, which, let’s be honest, is plenty for an average adult (approximately 60-80 kg), with a little bit of wiggle room for additional items like a backpack or grocery bag.

The domino effect of exceeding weight limits

But what happens when we throw an extra person into the mix, exceeding those weight limits? Spoiler alert: it's not a smooth ride but rather a cascade of potential issues.

Reduced Performance: Expect to see your zippy e-scooter turn sluggish, with a noticeable dip in speed, an increase in braking distance, and those hill climbs transforming into a grueling affair.

Then there's an expected stress on the components. Here's how exceeding weight limits affects individual electric scooter components:

  • Frame, Rims, and Tires: Expect them to be on the frontline, potentially warping, damaging, or even snapping under the added pressure.
  • Motor: The motor can become overworked, possibly overheating due to the increased load.
  • Suspension: It might just bottom out, rendering shock absorption useless and making every bump a potential threat to your scooter's integrity, potentially damaging parts or even breaking the suspension altogether.
  • Battery Drain: That extra weight means your battery’s working overtime, depleting faster and reducing your scooter’s range and overall efficiency.

Warranty Woes

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And here’s the kicker - consistently playing fast and loose with the weight limit might just void your electric scooter's warranty. Manufacturers can often identify signs of overloading, and any repairs from resulting damages might just come straight out of your pocket.

Always ensure to adhere to the manufacturer's guidelines and operate within the recommended weight limits to enjoy a safe and efficient ride.

But, say you crunch the numbers and are able to sneak two passengers while remaining within the weight cap--is that really it? Nope. There's a whole lot more to this equation than just weight, as you're about to see.

Two’s a Crowd: Navigating the Deck Space Dilemma

Next up, deck space. Most electric scooters offer just enough for the fancy footwork of one rider, whether it's the classic front-to-back stance or a side-by-side shuffle.

Now, in the spectrum of e-scooter decks, lengths can range from a snug 15.5 inches to a more spacious 23.5 inches. Width? That varies from a narrow 4.75 inches to a rare, roomy 15 inches, with most scooters landing somewhere around 18 inches by 7 inches.

It's a rarity to come across a scooter that's both a stretch limo in length and a dance floor in width. Why? Because such a design would compromise the electric scooter's hallmark feature: portability. Manufacturers typically choose their battle: they go long, or they go wide, but rarely both, primarily catering to solo riders.

While you might manage to play footsie with your passenger lengthwise, width becomes a concern. Then there's the question of whether the deck can sturdily support two people without flexing or becoming unstable.

Cramming two people onto a regular deck isn’t just a tight fit; it’s a recipe for discomfort and, quite frankly, a safety hazard. The limited space restricts movement, compromises control, and increases the risk of slipping off, inviting potential mishaps and tumbles.

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Balance & Maneuverability: Dancing with Dynamics

Even if you and your partner in crime are sneaking in under that weight limit and somehow, just somehow, managing to both perch on that deck, there’s another twist in the road ahead: grappling with the center of mass and gravity.

With a single rider, the forces acting upon the moving scooter and its operator – such as gravitational force, frictional force, traction, centripetal force, and gyroscopic force – are in a harmonious balance. But add another rider into the mix and boom! That delicate balance is thrown for a loop, shifting the center of mass and gravity, and suddenly, your scooter’s handling is like trying to steer a shopping cart with a wonky wheel.

Here’s the breakdown of the issues that doubling on one e-scooter brings about:

  • A Wandering Center of Gravity: A shift in the scooter’s center of gravity can destabilize its handling, especially during turns.
  • Increased Rolling Friction: More weight means more friction between your wheels and the asphalt, making your motor work harder to maintain speed.
  • Increased Wear: The heightened friction can lead to faster degradation of the tires and braking system.
  • Unstable Turns due to Centripetal Force: The added mass can increase the outward force during turns, making the scooter more susceptible to tipping or sliding, especially at higher speeds.

Moreover, the rider's maneuverability is significantly constrained due to the cramped conditions introduced by the second person. The passenger will need to remain behind, clinging to the driver to avoid falling off, which restricts the driver's ability to lean into curves and leaves minimal space for steering, footwork, and maintaining balance during basic maneuvers.

Vision

Maintaining a clear line of sight is paramount when navigating on an e-scooter. It's essential to continuously scan the environment for pedestrians, curbs, potholes, vehicles, and other potential hazards.

With a person in front of you as you ride, your vision can be significantly compromised. It’s not just the road you’re watching. You’ve got hair flipping, arms flailing, and a whole human potentially playing peekaboo with your sightline! This limitation can prevent you from spotting minute yet crucial details, potentially leading to mishaps and unsafe riding conditions.

Are There Scooters Designed for Two People?

Yes, the market offers various electric scooters designed to accommodate two people, with most models featuring a seated design. Many of these are generic fat-tire scooters available on platforms like Amazon and other retail outlets. E-scooter companies such as EVX and CityCOCO have offerings in this category, with Razor’s EcoSmart Cargo being a recognized model due to Razor's established market presence.

BOGO: An Attempt at Safe Two-Person Ridesharing

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When it comes to stand-up scooters, the market is scant. No well-known scooter company offers a specialized two-person e-scooter, primarily due to safety concerns and legal restrictions in numerous countries regarding two-person ridesharing on scooters.

BOGO, a ridesharing app, attempted to innovate in this space by stretching the traditional scooter design and adding a second handlebar, aiming to provide a safer two-person riding experience. Users could locate, scan, and rent a scooter for short rides at a modest fee through the BOGO app, similar to other ridesharing platforms like Lime or Bird.

However, despite its innovative stride and arguably safer design, BOGO couldn’t establish itself as a strong competitor in the ride-sharing market. And with two-person rides facing increasing legal restrictions and growing safety concerns, the platform ultimately faltered.

Challenges and Concerns with Two-Seater Scooters

Two-seater scooters, including BOGO’s model, have raised several concerns.

  • While a second handlebar does allow the passenger to lean in sync with the primary rider, avoiding becoming mere dead weight, it introduces a fresh challenge. The weight redistribution towards the back of the e-scooter alters the handling and maneuverability significantly, presenting potential issues for the first rider, who may find it different and possibly more challenging than operating a standard scooter.
  • Size matters. These motorized scooters, with their compact frames, often result in a tight, uncomfortable squeeze. Even the seated scooters don't offer much in terms of seat and legroom, making you question the "comfort" in "comfortable" ride.

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Alternatives to Consider

Sometimes (most times) a two-seat scooter won't be that viable, so consider these alternatives:

Double the Fun with Two Solo E-Scooters

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Before you break the bank on a two-seater scooter that can set you back between $ 1,500-$2,000, consider this: numerous budget-friendly solo e-scooters are available for under $1,000. Why not snag two and make every ride a duo adventure? It might be more economical and fun.

The Non-Committal Scooter Experience

If you're hesitant about committing to owning a motorized scooter, whether due to cost considerations or simply needing it for short-term or spontaneous rides, several options are available for exploration.

Ridesharing Apps: The Spur-of-the-Moment Solution:

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For occasional use or spontaneous rides, consider using ridesharing apps like Lime or Bird. They are widely available in many cities and offer an affordable pricing structure, typically involving an unlocking fee of around $1 and a per-minute charge ranging from $0.15-$0.50.

Subscription Services: The Middle Ground

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If you seek a sense of semi-ownership and a consistently available electric scooter, consider exploring subscription services, especially given the potential maintenance and functionality issues with shared e-scooters. UNAGI offers a compelling option in this domain. With plans starting at just $39 per month, you can enjoy the benefits of having 2 personal scooters without the full commitment of ownership. The subscription also encompasses insurance, maintenance, and free shipping, all without a binding, long-term contract looming over your head.

In a Nutshell: To Duo Scoot or Not?

In summary, while two-person scooters are available, they come with their own set of challenges and concerns. Exploring alternatives, such as purchasing individual scooters or utilizing ridesharing and subscription services, might provide a safer and more enjoyable riding experience.

Is it legal for two people to ride an e-scooter?

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Electric scooter laws vary significantly across countries and even within distinct regions of a nation. Here's a detailed overview of the laws concerning tandem riding (two people riding on the same scooter) in various countries and states:

USA

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Electric scooter regulations significantly vary from one state to another, often addressing aspects such as minimum age requirements, maximum speed limits, permissible riding areas (bike lane or public roads), and mandatory protective gear. However, the topic of tandem riding largely remains unaddressed, and the rules are not always clear.

Nonetheless, certain states do delve into the subject, typically linking the legality of tandem riding to the scooter's design. Specifically, tandem riding may be permissible if the electric scooter features a seat designed to accommodate a second passenger. Let’s explore what some states have to say about this.

  • California: Scooters are legal but regulated under California laws. Riders under 18 must wear a helmet (California Vehicle Code §21235(c)), and all riders must have a driver's license or valid learner's permit. The speed limit is 15 mph, and scooters can be ridden on certain roads and bicycle lane, but generally not on sidewalks. The state strictly prohibits tandem riding on motorized scooters.
  • New York: The state law is explicit in stating that e-scooters must not be used to carry more than one person at a time, and no passengers may be carried in a pack fastened to the electric scooter or the operator.
  • Texas: The legality of tandem riding hinges on the scooter’s design. It is deemed illegal if it's not designed to accommodate more than one person or if carrying an additional passenger impedes the operator’s ability to control the motorized scooter safely.
  • Pennsylvania: Electric scooters are not street legal so they are not allowed on roadways or bike lanes. Electric scooters in the state are currently categorized as "motor-driven cycles" and are subject to the same stringent regulations as motorcycles. To be street legal, scooters must have a valid license plate and insurance, and meet various equipment standards, including having a manufacturer’s certification label indicating compliance with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. However, even if all requirements are met, use on roadways can be restricted if the scooter impedes normal traffic flow. Notably, rideshare e-scooters are effectively banned due to these stringent requirements, although pilot programs and potential legislative changes could alter the landscape of e-scooter usage in the state.
  • Massachusetts: The state forbids operators from allowing another individual to ride as a passenger on motorized scooters, enforcing this with a tiered fine system for violations, with fines ranging from $25 to $100 based on the number of offenses.
  • Florida: In Florida, scooters are legal with specific regulations. Riders must be at least 16 years old, but obtaining a driver's license is not mandatory. Local authorities possess the discretion to regulate scooter operation on streets, highways, sidewalks, and additional areas. While there's no direct mention of tandem riding, electric scooters are governed by similar laws as motorized bicycles. It's inferred that electric scooters should not carry more individuals than they are designed for.
  • Colorado: The state permits the carriage of passengers on electric scooters, provided the e-scooter features a seat designed to accommodate two individuals.
  • Illinois: The state explicitly prohibits tandem riding on an electric scooter. It mandates that operators must always have at least one hand on the handlebars.

As a general principle, even in states that might permit a second passenger, the scooter's design should inherently support and provide space for the additional rider.

Canada

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In Canada, the legality of riding electric scooters and the specific rules regarding their use can vary quite a bit depending on the province or jurisdiction. Electric scooters are legal in certain parts but must adhere to certain conditions and laws.

Here are some communities where you can ride e-scooters as part of a pilot project:

  • City of Coquitlam
  • City of Kelowna
  • City of North Vancouver
  • City of Richmond
  • City of Vancouver
  • City of Vernon
  • District of North Vancouver
  • Town of Oliver
  • Town of Osoyoos (note: the bylaw is currently under review)
  • District of West Vancouver
  • Township of Langley
  • City of Nanaimo

When it comes to tandem riding, the laws do not explicitly mention any rules or restrictions. This lack of specific mention might imply that the general rules for one-person rides apply, suggesting that tandem riding may not be permitted.

Australia

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The use of electric scooters is generally restricted, with e-scooter trials being conducted by the government in various states and territories. Electric scooters can only be used on private property or in areas where e-scooter trials are active.

That being said, tandem riding on electric scooters is generally not permitted in various states and territories of Australia. Here’s a breakdown of the regulations in different regions:

  • New South Wales: Carrying passengers is not allowed, and fines of up to $120 can be imposed for violations.
  • Victoria: Tandem riding is not permitted.
  • Queensland: E-scooter Riders must not carry another person when riding a personal mobility device, not even children.
  • South Australia: There is no specific mention of regulations, but the ongoing e-scooter trials suggest restrictions are in place.
  • Western Australia: Riders should never carry passengers or animals on eRideables.
  • Tasmania: Personal Mobility Devices (PMDs) are designed for use by one person, and users cannot carry a passenger or animal.

In the territories:

  • Australian Capital Territory: Passengers are not allowed on electric scooters.
  • Northern Territory: Riders must not carry passengers.

UK

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The regulations regarding electric scooters, particularly concerning tandem riding, are quite clear in the United Kingdom. Only rented e-scooters participating in ridesharing schemes can be used on public roads. Private electric scooters are not allowed on public roads and can only be utilized on private property.

Specifically, the law explicitly states that e-scooters can only be ridden by one person at a time. This means that carrying passengers on an e-scooter, is not allowed, even when using ridesharing schemes.

Germany

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Electric scooters are permitted on roads with specific regulations in place. Primarily, the rider must be at least 14 years old, and the scooter must not exceed a maximum speed limit of 20 km/h. Scooters capable of going faster than this are not allowed on public roads.

The regulations explicitly state that passenger transport is prohibited on small electric vehicles, including electric scooters. Therefore, having more than one person on an e-scooter is illegal in Germany.

France

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In France, electric scooters are allowed, but there have been some changes in the regulations recently. There was a ban on rideshare scooters in Paris; however, this is not a nationwide ban—the decision to regulate or ban rideshare scooters rests with respective local authorities. Additionally, the minimum age to ride an electric scooter has been increased from 12 to 14 years.

Regarding tandem riding, the rules are clear: only one person can ride an electric scooter at a time. If two people are found riding on a single scooter, they can be fined approximately 135€.

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In Conclusion: Is Doubling Up Worth the Trouble?

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When ridden with a keen sense of responsibility and strict adherence to safety standards, electric scooters can be a pretty safe bet on the roads. Stick to the rules, and you're stacking the deck in your favor against accidents and mishaps.

But let’s be real for a second. No matter the motor vehicle, the risk of an accident never quite drops to zero; there’s perpetually that lingering possibility that things might take an unexpected turn.

Now, the CPC has thrown some light on this, with a report indicating that a notable number of e-scooter and e-bike fatalities stem from issues related to user control.

And here’s where the plot thickens. Engaging in tandem riding on an electric scooter not only affects maneuverability and control but also strains the scooter's structure. Engaging in such practices cranks up the risk dial, especially when it comes to control issues. It's a red flag that every e-scooter rider should be wary of.

Tandem riding on an electric scooter is a hard pass. Moreover, carrying a passenger on an e-scooter is prohibited in most countries due to the inherent risks. And just because a specific government hasn't explicitly banned tandem rides doesn't mean they're safe. It's just common sense. And it doesn't matter whether you're riding a basic or high-end e-scooter model; the risks associated with carrying a passenger remain the same.

If the outright purchase of a dual-passenger electric scooter isn’t quite in your budget, or if the form factor isn't quite to your liking - given they’re still pretty compact and might require riders to cozy up into the same space designed for a solo rider - Unagi offers a compelling alternative with their all access scooter subscription service, allowing you to access two scooters at a relatively affordable price. This provides a safer riding alternative and ensures you stay on the right side of legal guardrails.

Subscribers enjoy the liberty to ride their e-scooters without any usage restrictions, ensuring you can scoot as little or as much as you like. Not only is the scooter insured against both theft and damage, ensuring your ride is protected, but Unagi also promises to send a replacement within a mere 24 hours should anything go awry. And if, for any reason, the service doesn’t quite mesh with your needs or expectations, Unagi allows subscribers to cancel anytime, providing a hassle-free, no-questions-asked termination policy. It’s a solution that blends flexibility, assurance, and convenience into one scooter-friendly package.

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Daniel Foley
Daniel Foley

Daniel tests all the latest e-scooters and currently enjoys the Unagi Voyager as a daily driver for it's light weight, good range, and stylish look.

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